React Toast Notifications & Messages Tutorial with Examples

In this React 16+ tutorial, we’ll learn how to show Toast notification messages like a pro by using a cool package module Toastify.

 

What is Toast?

A toast in terms of an application is a floating container that can be shown anywhere over the content to display some message in the form of notification. These are shown to draw the attention of the user as it can have some important information.

The toast messages are generally shown in different colors for errors, warnings, information, etc. They are very popular in native mobile applications but these days they are preferred to show in Web applications too.

 

Why Toastify?

Installation and ease of use if quick. Toastify creates awesome toast notifications with animations and full colors for different message types. There are tons of configuration options available to customize its behavior.

 

Here we’ll create a new ReactJs application to discuss How to implement Toastify and configure it with different options available.

 

Let’s start…

 

Create a React Application

First, we’ll create a new React application using npx create-react-app command

$ npx create-react-app react-toastify-app

Move inside the react app

$ cd react-toastify-app

Run application

$ npm start

 

Install Toastify Package

After creating the react application, now we’ll install the Toastify package by running below command

$ npm install --save react-toastify

 

Show Toastify Notification

To create a Toast using Toastify component, we’ll import the ToastContainer and toast from 'react-toastify'.

import { ToastContainer, toast } from 'react-toastify';

 

For adding style, import the ReactToastify.css file

import 'react-toastify/dist/ReactToastify.css';

 

Finally, we need to update the App() function of any Component or function where you want the toast message to show up.

// App.js
import React from 'react';
import './App.css';

import { ToastContainer, toast } from 'react-toastify';
import 'react-toastify/dist/ReactToastify.css';

function App() {

  const showToast = () => {
    toast("I am Tostify!")
  };

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <div>
        <button onClick={showToast}>Show Toast !</button>
        <ToastContainer />
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

Here we have defined a method showToast to call the toast() function with text to display in the toast. A button is having a onClick event listener.

Now run react application by hitting $ npm start 

 

React Toast Notifications &#038; Messages Tutorial with Examples

 

 

The toast("text",{}) method takes two arguments, the first one takes the text and the second is the object to accept option properties. Let’s have a look at configuration settings

 

Type of Toast notification

Other then a normal toast, we can show Error, Warning, Success, and Information type of toast as shown below:

// Success    
toast.success("Success Notification !");

// Error
toast.error("Error Notification !");

// Warning
toast.warn("Warning Notification !");

// Information
toast.info("Info Notification !");

React Toast Notifications &#038; Messages Tutorial with Examples

 

 

Position of toast

Toastify notification can have six positions to show-up on the page.

toast("Default Notification !", {
      position: toast.POSITION.TOP_RIGHT
    });

    toast.success("Success Notification !", {
      position: toast.POSITION.TOP_CENTER
    });

    toast.error("Error Notification !", {
      position: toast.POSITION.TOP_LEFT
    });

    toast.warn("Warning Notification !", {
      position: toast.POSITION.BOTTOM_LEFT
    });

    toast.info("Info Notification !", {
      position: toast.POSITION.BOTTOM_CENTER
    });

    toast("Custom Style Notification with css class!", {
      position: toast.POSITION.BOTTOM_RIGHT,
    });

 

React Toast Notifications &#038; Messages Tutorial with Examples

 

Auto Close Trimming

We can control the time after which the Toast message will be closed automatically. By setting the autoClose property.

const closeAfter15 = () => {
	toast("Will close after 15s", { autoClose: 15000 });
}

 

To disable the auto close, set it to false. Toast can be close by clicking the cross icon or clicking anywhere on the toast.

const disabledAutoClose = () => {
	toast("Will not be auto close ever", { autoClose: false });
}

 

Custom HTML Template for Toastify

We can also define a custom template component for the Toastify notification. For that, we’ll define a const with JSX template then pass it to the toast() method.

const MyMsg = ({ closeToast }) => (
  <div>
    Custom HTML
    <button>Retry</button>
    <button onClick={closeToast}>Close</button>
  </div>
)

function App() {

  const showToast = () => {
    toast(MyMsg, {
      position: toast.POSITION.TOP_CENTER
    })
  };

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <div>
        <button style={{ marginTop: '150px' }} onClick={showToast}>Show Toast !</button>
        <ToastContainer />
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

React Toast Notifications &#038; Messages Tutorial with Examples

 

How to prevent duplicate Toasts?

To prevent more than one toast, we need to pass a unique identifier in the toastId property

const showToast = () => {
    toast("My Unique Toast", {
      toastId: '007'
    })
  };

 

Remove Single or All Toasts on Button Click

We can programmatically dismiss a single or All toasts by calling the dismiss() method. To dismiss a single specific Toast we need to keep its reference id in a variable using React.useRef(null) type.

function App() {

  const toastId = React.useRef(null);

  const notify = () => {
    toastId.current = toast("Lorem ipsum dolor");
  }

  const dismiss = () => {
    toast.dismiss(toastId.current);
  }

  const dismissAll = () => {
    toast.dismiss();
  }

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <div>
        <button onClick={notify}>Notify</button>
        <button onClick={dismiss}>Dismiss</button>
        <button onClick={dismissAll}>Dismiss All</button>
        <ToastContainer />
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

 

Limit the number of Toasts show at a time

Instead of showing only one toast using an identifier, we can also force to limit the number of toasts that can be shown at once. For this, we add the limit property on <ToastContainer limit={3}>

If other toasts are there to be shown, they will show up after previous are closed.

 

Transition Animation of Toast

There are 4 types of awsome transition animation types for toasts Bounce, Slide, Zoom and Flip.

To change it we import them, then assign to the transition property.

import { Slide, Zoom, Flip, Bounce } from 'react-toastify';

Can be added to the <ToastContainer transition={Slide}/>  or on each toast() method

toast("hello", 
{
  transition: Slide
})

 

Swipe or Drag to dismiss

Toast notifications can have Swipe or Drag to dismiss feature, which can be useful in touch devices. By default, the draggable property is set to trueso it can be disabled by setting to false.

We can configure the percentage of drag over the toast to dismiss it by setting draggablePercent property.

<ToastContainer draggablePercent={60} />

Or on each toast

toast('Hello', {
  draggablePercent: 60
});

 

Conclusion

Toastify is the best package module with awesome option configuration flexibility. I would recommend it over the those available in React Bootstrap UI components. Toastify toasts are highly customizable and provide the next level of configuration abilities. You can check more on official docs.

Do share your feedback…

Thanks for reading…

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