Angular 9 + ng-bootstrap 4 | Popover Tutorial by Example

In this Angular 9/8 tutorial, we’ll learn how to install NgBootstrap in Angular application and implement Popover UI Component by examples.

What are Bootstrap Popovers?

A popover is a small overlay that is used to show information in a floating container. It is shown at a specified position by user actions like Click or Hover beside an element. Popovers act like a tooltip but can have complex template HTML structures. These can be controlled to be triggered by click, hover, mouseover, etc events.

 

What is ng-bootstrap?

A bootstrap framework is known for its wide variety of UI components that are readily available to create a responsive and multi-platform supportive application. The ng-bootstrap package is exclusively created to convert the jQuery based Bootstrap UI components for the Angular framework. The ng-bootstrap package provides almost all Bootstrap components which can be easily used in an Angular project

 

Let,s create a new Angular project, then install the ng-bootstrap package to implement its Popover UI component in our project.

Create an Angular Project

For demonstration from scratch, here we will create a new Angular project.

Run following ng command in terminal to create a new project:

$ ng new ng-bootstrap-popover-demo

Install ng-bootstrap

After creating the project, we will install ng-bootstrap in the project by running the following npm command:

$ npm install --save @ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap

The ng-bootstrap includes UI components only, so for adding styling to these components we need to include CSS styling file in the index.html at Angular project root

  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.3.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" >

 

Update App Module

Import NgbModule ( Bootstrap module ) & FormsModule ( for Angular as we will use [(ngModel)] ) in the app.module.ts file

// app.module.ts
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

import { NgbModule } from '@ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    NgbModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Adding Bootstrap Popover

Check the following ways using which we can implement NgBootstrap Popovers in Angular app:

Basic Popovers

These are the basic and simplest Popover implementation method, where you just need to add placement, ngbPopover, and popoverTitle properties:

<button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary mr-2" ngbPopover="Popover content" popoverTitle="Simple Popover"> Show Popover </button>

Angular 9 + ng-bootstrap 4 | Popover Tutorial by Example

HTML in Popovers

To customized content with HTML in popovers, we can use ng-template tags to specific content as shown below:

<ng-template #popContent>Hello, <b>Popover</b>! content</ng-template>
<ng-template #popTitle>Title with Fancy <b> bold</b>, <i>italics</i> and <u>underlined</u> text</ng-template>

<button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary" [ngbPopover]="popContent" [popoverTitle]="popTitle">
  Popover with HTML!
</button>

Here we provided Template Reference variables #popContent and #popTitle template elements then provided them to [ngbPopover] and [popoverTitle] properties of the button.

Angular 9 + ng-bootstrap 4 | Popover Tutorial by Example

Configuration Properties of Popovers

Following are the configuration properties provided by ng-bootstrap Popovers:

  • ngbPopover: This is required directive property which takes a string or templateRef variable to show content.
  • placement: Position of popover container respective of the parent element can be changed with values : "top", "top-left", "top-right", "bottom", "bottom-left", "bottom-right", "left", "left-top", "left-bottom", "right", "right-top", "right-bottom"
  • popoverClass: A custom class can be added using this property to a popover container.
  • container: Default popovers elements are appended to the body, but we can specify any other selector to append.
  • popoverTitle: The title of the popover can take string or templateRef.
  • triggers: Events to show Popovers can be changed from default click to mouseover. example triggers="mouseenter:mouseleave"
  • disablePopover: Default is false, if set to true, popover won’t be displayed.
  • closeDelay: The closing delay in ms.
  • autoClose: Indicates whether the popover should be closed on Escape key and inside/outside clicks:        true – closes on both outside and inside clicks as well as Escape presses
    false – disables the autoClose feature (NB: triggers still apply)
    "inside" – closes on inside clicks as well as Escape presses
    "outside" – closes on outside clicks (sometimes also achievable through triggers) as well as Escape presses

Global Configurations

Instead of adding HTML properties to each tooltip, we can add a global option configuration object in the component class.

Import NgbPopoverConfig then add in providers array under component’s meta information. Also, add in the class constructor.

import {Component} from '@angular/core';
import {NgbPopoverConfig} from '@ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap';

@Component({
  selector: 'ngbd-popover-config',
  templateUrl: './popover-config.html',
  providers: [NgbPopoverConfig] // add NgbPopoverConfig to the component providers
})
export class NgbdPopoverConfig {
  constructor(config: NgbPopoverConfig) {
    // customize default values of popovers used by this component tree
    config.placement = 'right';
    config.triggers = 'hover';
  }
}

 

Conclusion

We have discussed how to use Bootstrap popovers in an Angular project by installing the ng-bootstrap package and use its Popover UI component. The Popover component can be customized by using its various properties.

 

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mary

Thanks, it helped me lot