Angular Material 10|9 Mat-Select Tutorial with Local and Dynamic HTTP Response

In this Angular Material tutorial, we’ll discuss how to implement Select box in Angular 10/9/8/7/6 application by using the MatSelectModule. Also, we’ll check how to add validation and customize the options using configuration properties.

The Select component is used to enable a user to select single or multiple options available in the options drop-down. In Angular Material, the select component is created by adding the <mat-select/> or native <select/> components.

<mat-select/> or <select/> component can be used in a form-field created by adding <mat-form-field/> component.

Let’s quickly start exploring the Material Mat Select component…

 

 

Create a New Angular Application

Run the following ng command to create a new Angular project

$ ng new angular-mat-select-app
# ? Would you like to add Angular routing? No
# ? Which stylesheet format would you like to use? SCSS

Enter the project directory

$ cd angular-mat-select-app

Run the application

$ ng serve --open

 

Install Material Package

After creating the Angular project, install the Material UI library by hitting the following ng command

$ ng add @angular/material
? Choose a prebuilt theme name, or "custom" for a custom theme: Indigo/Pink      
? Set up global Angular Material typography styles? No  
? Set up browser animations for Angular Material? Yes

 

Update App Module

The material package provides a number of components, but we need to import the API modules for components we’re going to use in the application.

For implementing the mat-select, import the MatSelectModule module. Also, make sure to import  FormsModule, MatInputModule & MatFormFieldModule modules as well otherwise you may face this issue saying:

Error: mat-form-field must contain a MatFormFieldControl.

Finally, the app.module.ts file will look like this:

// app.module.ts
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { BrowserAnimationsModule } from '@angular/platform-browser/animations';

import { MatSelectModule } from '@angular/material/select';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { MatFormFieldModule } from '@angular/material/form-field';
import { MatInputModule } from '@angular/material/input';


@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    BrowserAnimationsModule,
    FormsModule,
    MatInputModule,
    MatFormFieldModule,
    MatSelectModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

 

Adding Material MatSelect

To create a Material select, the <mat-select/> or native <select/> component can be added as shown below:

<mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Preffered currency</mat-label>
    <mat-select [(value)]="selected">

      <mat-option *ngFor="let currency of currencies" [value]="currency.value">
        {{currency.text}}
      </mat-option>

    </mat-select>
</mat-form-field>
<p>
  Selected Value: {{selected}}
</p>

The <mat-option/> component creates a single option in the drop-down for selecting a value.

In the component class, add collection object currencies and selected to have selected value.

// app.component.ts
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'angular-mat-select-app';

  selected: string;

  currencies = [
    { value: 'us', text: 'U.S. Dollar $' },
    { value: 'euro', text: 'Euro €' },
    { value: 'yen', text: 'Japanese Yen ¥' },
    { value: 'pound', text: 'Pounds £' },
    { value: 'inr', text: 'Indian Rupee ₹' }
  ];

}

 

Adding Material Native Select

The native <select/> control can also be used due to performance, accessibility, and usability advantages. To use a native select inside <mat-form-field>, add the matNativeControl attribute to the <select> element.

<mat-form-field>
  <mat-label>Preffered currency</mat-label>

  <select matNativeControl [(ngModel)]="selected">
    <option *ngFor="let currency of currencies" [value]="currency.value">{{currency.text}}</option>
  </select>
</mat-form-field>

<p>
  Selected Value: {{selected}}
</p>

 

Open/ Close Option Panel on Button Click from Outside

The Select options panel can be controlled by adding a template variable then calling the methods programmatically.

<button (click)="mySelect.open()">Open</button>
<button (click)="mySelect.toggle()">Toggle</button>
<button (click)="mySelect.close()">Close</button>

  <mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Select Color</mat-label>
    <mat-select #mySelect [(value)]="selected">
      <mat-option value="yellow">Yellow</mat-option>
      <mat-option value="black">Black</mat-option>
      <mat-option value="red">Red</mat-option>
    </mat-select>
  </mat-form-field>

To get an instance of mat-select inside the component class, import the MatSelect class and get mat-select instance using @ViewChild as shown below:

// app.component.ts
import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { MatSelect } from '@angular/material/select';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'angular-mat-select-app';

  @ViewChild('mySelect') mySelect: MatSelect;

  selected: string;
  
  OpenSel() {
    this.mySelect.open()
  }
}

 

Change Event Handling on Material MatSelect

The (selectionChange) event handler is triggered when a value is changed by methods or user actions.

<mat-select [(value)]="selected" (selectionChange)="OptionChanged()">
    ...
 </mat-select>

 

Custom CSS Style for Options Panel

The panelClass property can have a custom CSS class to style Panel options.

 

<mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Panel color</mat-label>

    <mat-select [(value)]="selected" panelClass="my-panel-{{selected}}">
      <mat-option value="yellow">Yellow</mat-option>
      <mat-option value="black">Black</mat-option>
      <mat-option value="red">Red</mat-option>
    </mat-select>

</mat-form-field>

In the styles.scss file paste following CSS

.my-panel-yellow.mat-select-panel {
    background: yellow;
    .mat-option-text {
        color: black;
    }
}

.my-panel-black.mat-select-panel {
    background: black;
    .mat-option-text {
        color: white;
    }
}

.my-panel-red.mat-select-panel {
    background: red;
    .mat-option-text {
        color: white;
    }
}

 

Get Selected Value from MatSelect or Native Select

The mat-select component supports two-way data binding via [(value)] property as you can see in the first example to show selected value.

But when using the native select, we can simply use the [(ngModel)] like we use for other native controls.

 

Disable MatSelect/ Select or Option Values

The complete mat-select or native select control can be disabled by setting the [disabled]="true" as shown below:

<mat-select [disabled]="true">
  ....
</mat-select>

<select matNativeControl  [disabled]="true">
  ....
</select>

Each option value can also be disabled by adding the disabled property

 

 

Material Select with Checkboxes for Multiple Selection

The multiple property is added to mat-select to enable multiple option value selection at once.

<mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Preffered currency</mat-label>

    <mat-select [(value)]="selected" multiple>
      <mat-option *ngFor="let currency of currencies" [value]="currency.value">{{currency.text}}</mat-option>
    </mat-select>
 </mat-form-field>

By default, the selected values are shown separated by a comma and three(…) dots after that. We can customize this representation by adding the mat-select-trigger component as shown below:

<mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Preffered currency</mat-label>

    <mat-select [(value)]="selected" multiple>

      <mat-select-trigger>
        {{selected ? selected[0] : ''}}
        <span *ngIf="selected?.length > 1" class="example-additional-selection">
          (+{{selected.length - 1}} {{selected?.length === 2 ? 'other' : 'others'}})
        </span>
      </mat-select-trigger>

      <mat-option *ngFor="let currency of currencies" [value]="currency.value">{{currency.text}}</mat-option>
    </mat-select>
  </mat-form-field>

 

 

Grouping the Options

The options shown in the select control can have a grouping option by wrapping the mat-option with  mat-optgroupin case of <mat-select/> and wrapping option with optgroup in case of native <select/>

<h4>mat-select</h4>
  <mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Pokemon</mat-label>

    <mat-select>
      <mat-option>-- None --</mat-option>

      <mat-optgroup *ngFor="let group of pokemonGroups" [label]="group.name" [disabled]="group.disabled">
        <mat-option *ngFor="let pokemon of group.pokemon" [value]="pokemon.value">
          {{pokemon.viewValue}}
        </mat-option>
      </mat-optgroup>

    </mat-select>

  </mat-form-field>

  <h4>native html select</h4>
  <mat-form-field>
    
    <mat-label>Cars</mat-label>
    <select matNativeControl>

      <optgroup label="Swedish Cars">
        <option value="volvo">volvo</option>
        <option value="saab">Saab</option>
      </optgroup>

      <optgroup label="German Cars">
        <option value="mercedes">Mercedes</option>
        <option value="audi">Audi</option>
      </optgroup>

    </select>
  </mat-form-field>

Update class component with pokemonGroupscollection

pokemonGroups = [
    {
      name: 'Grass',
      pokemon: [
        { value: 'bulbasaur-0', viewValue: 'Bulbasaur' },
        { value: 'oddish-1', viewValue: 'Oddish' },
        { value: 'bellsprout-2', viewValue: 'Bellsprout' }
      ]
    },
    {
      name: 'Water',
      pokemon: [
        { value: 'squirtle-3', viewValue: 'Squirtle' },
        { value: 'psyduck-4', viewValue: 'Psyduck' },
        { value: 'horsea-5', viewValue: 'Horsea' }
      ]
    },
    {
      name: 'Fire',
      disabled: true,
      pokemon: [
        { value: 'charmander-6', viewValue: 'Charmander' },
        { value: 'vulpix-7', viewValue: 'Vulpix' },
        { value: 'flareon-8', viewValue: 'Flareon' }
      ]
    },
    {
      name: 'Psychic',
      pokemon: [
        { value: 'mew-9', viewValue: 'Mew' },
        { value: 'mewtwo-10', viewValue: 'Mewtwo' },
      ]
    }
  ];

 

 

Showing Dynamic Options in Material MatSelect

Now we’ll see how to fetch collection of data from the server through HTTP call and generate MatSelect options dynamically after component loads.

In the app.module.ts file, add HttpClientModule in the import array. Update the component class to make a GET HTTP call to a users API endpoint.

// app.component.ts
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'angular-mat-select-app';

  constructor(
    private http: HttpClient
  ) { }

  selected: string;
  collection = [];

  ngOnInit() {
    this.getCollection();
  }

  getCollection() {
    this.http
      .get<any>('https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/users').subscribe((res: any) => {
        this.collection = res;
      }, error => {
        console.log({ error });
      })
  }

}

Then update the template to show server response using *ngFor Angular directive.

<mat-form-field>
    <mat-label>Select User</mat-label>
    <mat-select [(value)]="selected">

      <mat-option *ngFor="let user of collection" [value]="user.id">
        {{user.name}}, {{user.email}}
      </mat-option>

    </mat-select>

</mat-form-field>

 

Conclusion

Angular Material select component is loaded with a number of options and configuration properties to customize its behavior. We can also customize the CSS style of the options panel dynamically. The mat-select component can have validation with form-control to display errors using the mat-error component as well.

You can check more details in the official documentation here.

 

 

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