Angular Change Background Color of Components on Navigation

In Angular application, the main App component remains as it is even after a user navigates from one page to other. Sometimes, you may need to show different styles when a user visits other route or page like changing the background color.

This Angular post is compatible with Angular 4 upto latest versions, Angular 7, Angular 8, Angular 9, Angular 10, Angular 11, Angular 12 and Angular 13

Here you will learn how we can change the background color using the Router class and using its NavigationEnd event handler in a subscription.

How to Change Background color or any style in Angular components?

Step 1) Import Router and NavigationEnd class into the App component

import { NavigationEnd, Router } from '@angular/router';

 

Step 2) Inject the Router class into the contractor of class

constructor(private router: Router) {}

 

Step 3) Now add the Router subscription with the NavigationEnd event

this.router.events.subscribe((event) => {
      if (event instanceof NavigationEnd) {
        ...
      }
    });

 

Step 4) Use the router.url to create a custom Class selector

this.router.events.subscribe((event) => {
      if (event instanceof NavigationEnd) {
        this.activePath = event.url.split('/')[1] || 'default';
        this.activeClassName = this.activePath + 'PageClass';
        console.log(this.activeClassName);
      }
    });

 

The App Component class will look like this:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { NavigationEnd, Router } from '@angular/router';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent {
  activePath: string = '';
  activeClassName: string = '';

  constructor(private router: Router) {
    this.router.events.subscribe((event) => {
      if (event instanceof NavigationEnd) {
        this.activePath = event.url.split('/')[1] || 'default';
        this.activeClassName = this.activePath + 'PageClass';
        console.log(this.activeClassName);
      }
    });
  }
}

Here we have created a custom class and assigned it to the activeClassName variable. This variable we will add into the wrapper of the AppComponent HTML template as shown below:

<div class="{{activeClassName}}">

  <a routerLink="/dashboard">Dashboard</a> |
  <a routerLink="/profile">Profile</a> |
  <a routerLink="/settings">Settings</a><br><br>

  Active Path : <b>{{activePath}}</b>

  <router-outlet></router-outlet>

</div>

Finally, add the custom style classes for each path into the app.component.css/scss file:

.dashboardPageClass {
    background-color: aqua;
    font-style: italic;
}
.profilePageClass {
    background-color: red;
    font-family: 'Courier New', Courier, monospace;
}
.settingsPageClass {
    background-color: yellow;
    font-weight: bold;
}

 

Now you will see each page will have its own background color and other implemented styles:

 

 

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